2.8 billion people still cook with polluting fuels
© VEOLIA media library - Munem Wasif/VU
According to a report on the state of access to modern energy cooking services (MECS) published by the World Bank, four billion people worldwide still do not have access to clean, efficient, convenient, safe, reliable and affordable cooking energy.
Out of these four billion people, 1.25 billion men and women are nonetheless considered to be transitioning toward access to improved cooking services. However, the remaining 2.75 billion are faced with much greater access barriers. Polluting cooking methods consist, for example, in using solid (wood, charcoal, coal, animal manure, farming waste, etc.) or liquid (kerosene) fuels on open-fire or traditional stoves.
This issue — “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all” — corresponds to United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7.
A cost of 2,400 billion dollars each year
According to the report, using these technologies and these polluting traditional fuels costs the world over 2,400 billion dollars each year, due to the harmful effects on health (1,400 billion dollars), climate (200 billion dollars), and women’s productivity (800 billion dollars).
To overcome the problem and achieve universal access to modern energy cooking services by 2030, the World Bank is calling for much greater awareness in both global and national political bodies, formalization of the cooking energy demand in national energy planning, and a considerable increase in public and private financing. Analysts estimate that around 150 billion dollars are required each year to obtain global access to clean energy cooking technologies by 2030, including 39 billion dollars from the public sector for access to modern cooking solutions, and 11 billion dollars from the private sector to install downstream infrastructure. The remaining 100 billion dollars come from household purchases of stoves and fuels.
Last but not least, the report notes that the rate of access to modern energy cooking services amounts to 10% in Sub-Saharan Africa, 26% in East Asia and 56% in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Source : Airqualitynews.com