United Nations: 75 years of engagement
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Created in 1945 to support collective action in favor of peace, development and the universal exercise of human rights, the United Nations is celebrating its 75th anniversary at a time when the health crisis is being accompanied by major economic and social repercussions worldwide. To mark these three quarters of a century of existence, a survey was launched on a global scale. Over one million people, including a large number of young people, took part in what the UN has called the “biggest-ever global conversation.” “The respondents to this survey shared their fears and hopes for the future. They believe that international cooperation is vital to deal with the realities of our age and note that the Covid-19 pandemic makes this solidarity even more urgent. Finally, they highlight that the world needs universal health systems and basic services,” stated António Guterres, the UN’s Secretary-General. Over the next 25 years, environmental protection tops the list of actions that those questioned would like to see strengthened. Better access to healthcare and more respect for human rights are also mentioned.
Global governance rather than a global government
According to the Secretary-General, national sovereignty, which remains a fundamental principle of the United Nations Charter, goes hand in hand with reinforced international cooperation, based on common values and shared responsibilities in the pursuit of progress for all. “No one wants to have a global government, but we must work together to improve global governance,” added António Guterres.
The UN currently provides food and humanitarian aid to 86.7 million people in 83 countries, covers the vaccine needs of 50% of the world’s children, helping save three million lives each year, protects 82.5 million people fleeing war, famine or persecution, promotes human rights around the world by means of 80 treaties or declarations, and helps over two million women every month to overcome complications linked to pregnancy and childbirth.
Sources : https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/09/1072552